Restaurants come, and they go…Eating out in Canberra over fifty years

From being an army-trained cook I became a foodie, combining eating out in restaurants with creating dinner parties at home. As a writer, who would write for anyone about almost anything, I started to write about the food I was eating. In the 1960s, in a Canberra of 45,000 people, there wasn’t much choice in restaurants, but nonetheless in 1967 Canberra Consumer decided to to do a book on Eating Out in Canberra, and asked the Canberra Wine and Food Club, of which I was the Foodmaster, to act as inspectors.

In this Centenary year of our capital city, it is worth noting what has happened in the food and wine area in the last fifty years, if not the past century. To read that 1967 book now is to smile in memory: $1.30 for a dozen oysters, 30c for a glass of wine, a lobster dish for $2.65. On the whole, despite the apparently cheap prices, we were unimpressed by what was on offer. The best places in 1967 were the Bacchus Tavern (underground in Hobart Place), Noah’s in the Civic Travelodge and the Hotel Canberra. There were very few restaurants that were not part of a hotel or motel.

In 1970 we did the job again, and were once more unhappy with what we were offered. ‘There is basic similarity about menus in Canberra,’ we wrote, ‘which depressed our testers’. Mind you, we agreed that this was true of Australian cities generally. ‘The fact is that Australian cuisine is distinguished by first quality ingredients and little imagination.’ But the city was growing, and there were more restaurants; on the whole we were more cheerful than we had been in 1967.

I spent the 1970s in Sydney and overseas, returning to Canberra in 1980. The city was a lot bigger, with more places to eat out in, and more people doing it. Leo Schofield was one of a number  of writers who were taking good cooking seriously by considering it as an art form, in his columns in the Sydney Morning Herald, and in his annual Good Food Guides. In time he added sections on eating in places other than Sydney, and I became the  anonymous inspector for Canberra.

There had been considerable changes in Canberra. The old standbys of the 1960s had gone as the city grew up and out. Noah’s disappeared into another building, the Bacchus Tavern was no longer the place of choice. Now the names to conjure with were Hill Station Homestead out in the Hume industrial area, Jean-Pierre Le Carrousel on top of Red Hill, Nobbs in Manuka and Peaches in Campbell. Things were a lot better in terms of culinary imagination, too.

As the 1980s went on more and more new restaurants came on — Alanya in Manuka, EJ’s in Kingston, Pipi’s in Woden, Chez Moustache in Narrabundah, Fringe Benefits in Civic  — the last patronised, at least once when I was there, by Peter Walsh, the Minister for Finance, who caused great distress in the restaurant business when he introduced the fringe benefit tax.

By now any decent restaurant would offer you dishes based on French cuisine, something with an Asian flavour, fish that was other than fried, sauces of high quality, and desserts that would have been acceptable in Europe. Gone were ham and pineapple, chicken kiev and any canned vegetables. The city was beginning to have  restaurants specialising in Italian, French, Indonesian, Turkish, Vietnamese and other national cuisines. Something called ‘fusion’ and something called ‘contemporary Australian cuisine’ were the coming styles.

In 1997 the Canberra Times put out its own Good Food Guide, and I, no longer anonymous, reported on Jamesons on the Pier, still one of the best seafood restaurants in Australia. It is not, of course, in Canberra but in Canberra-by-the-sea, Batemans Bay. That book reported on about 170 restaurants, and its editors picked out Chairman and Yip, Juniperberry, Ottoman, and Mezzalira. Later would come Aubergine, Courgette and many others.

Just as Noah’s and Bacchus went, so too did Nobbs, and Peaches and others that were loved in their day. It is a chancy business, the restaurant, overheads are high, and good chefs are mobile. But there was one restaurant that we reviewed in 1967 which never left the list, and is still flourishing today: Charcoal Restaurant in Civic. It was about grilled steak at the beginning, and it still is: ‘strictly for the carnivorous’, said the 1997 editors. I remember some great lunches there, where excellent red wine accompanied gigantic T-bone steaks perfectly presented.

My own judgment, given that over the years I have had to eat out a lot for my work, and all over our country, is that the quality of the best Canberra restaurants is as good as you could get anywhere. Of course, you can pay a lot more in the top Sydney, Melbourne and Adelaide restaurants, and you might eat there dishes you could not eat anywhere else. But that is another matter.

Beyond a certain point you cannot really get any more value for money in eating just by paying more and more. You can pay just to be there, and you can pay for the view, and you can pay to be where someone famous is said to be. But the food ought to be central, and Canberra’s restaurant do an excellent job at what seems to me a good price.

I ought to have said that from the 1990s onwards restaurants have been offering more and more wine that has been produced in the Canberra region, and the same thing has happened wherever wine is produced. That has occurred mostly since the 1970s, which is about the time our oldest local vineyards were established.

And ours is such good wine. Tim Kirk of Clonakilla, who can stand as the purveyor of Canberra’s best red, wants to imprint on people’s minds that Canberra is the Shiraz capital of Australia, because our cool-climates wines have an elegance and quality that is unmatched anywhere.

I think he’s likely to be successful.

Join the discussion 18 Comments

  • Fay Thomson says:

    Don, this piece makes one want to explore Canberra’s restaurants. How about now taking a look at the cafes where folk and I’m thinking particularly of elders hoping to find nourishment and taste in the middle of the day?

    If they are anything like Sydney’s cafes, they need to up their sights.

    One finds salads cut up haphazardly, little choice of breads, little catering for the gluten intolerant, and usually not a lactose free cheese ( usually there is soy milk sth to be grateful for).

    At a daytime restaurant/cafe in the upmarket Queen Victoria Building in Sydney, yesterday I had a salmon sandwich with salad. The salad was a sprig of lettuce, a slice of cucumber and a tenth of a tomato!

    I think restaurants and cafes need to learn more about latest developments in nutrition and the importance of vegetable on the plate, aware that health research suggests we eat a smaller amount of meat. Aware too of the good and bad fats.

    If any Italian restaurant owners get in touch with me because they would like a copy of the poster of Michelangelo as “Miserable David” where the famous statue has morphed into a cigarette, the words above David’s head reading ” Smoking Harms the Strong and Powerful Too” above David’s head, I will make an effort to obtain some from artist Andrea Spinelli who lives in Florence. For this see submissions 2012 and keep clicking till you come to it.

  • Tony Farinaccio says:

    Wow i was there through all of that and got to this by googling Nobbs Restaurant Canberra which was very before it’s time!Worked at a few of these venues in my 10 years in Canberra and worked for The Italian Embassy.Never forget Stephen Downes first review book had one page on Canberra that said the black hole of gastronomy…That’s when i moved there and decided i would help change that and did!

    thanks heaps Tony Farinaccio…now working on my second book here in Fremantle

  • Don Aitkin says:

    Thanks, Tony! You get the top foodie prize for writing a comment more than years after the initial post had appeared!

  • Gina Ellis says:

    Let’s not forget the iconic Chandelier in the basement of Qantas house run by Harry Ellis in 1966.
    This upmarket opulent restaurant catering to the then untrained palettes of the politicians and public servants did not last long, but left Canberra with a taste of things to come.
    Harry’s leather clad counters and booth seating at the Bistro on the corner of Bunda St, inspired many classic pizza places that followed years later.
    Way ahead of his time, the Boulevard Bistro that serviced the Boulevard Cinemas, was a hub of activity offering choices that Canberra public had never seen, including an integrated candy bar, full bar, fine dining and a casual outdoor dining catering all in one place for all types of movie goers.
    In the 70’s he opened the Style Arcade cafe offering quality coffee and quick snacks for the passing arcade crowd and Manuka shoppers. The small coffee shop still attracted Canberra celebrities and frequent visits from the long time fans of Harry Ellis.

    • Joan quinton says:

      Hi Don,
      It was interesting to read this article particularly the mention of Peaches
      my youngest brother Peter Gill was particularly proud of the reputation Peaches had he and his staff worked hard to achieve this
      Sadly as years have been and gone I have lost track of Peter, I now live in Canberra and may I use this site to ask please if anyone knows the whereabouts of Peter could they email me, I would dearly love to have contact with him, none of us are getting any younger
      Thank you in advance if any of your readers could help

      • Philip Barker says:

        Hi Joan, i totally fluked finding this site. My son wanted to know if any of the restaurants i worked in were very good, so i google history of canberra restaurants. i worked as chef for Peter for about 4 years at Peaches, with Graham Greene and Daniel Collard of Chef Moustache. I also did time at Fringe Benefits, Seasons and the Lobby. If you have any luck tracking Peter down please let me know.
        Peter and many of the other top restaurant owners of that time added so much character to the whole experience. They were fun loving larrikans, some with charm others so up themselves it was funny. I loved working with Peter and his adorable wife (rip), many fond memories.

        • joan quinton (Gill) says:

          thank you Nigel for your reply, I have just read it, I now and then return to sites where I have been trying to locate Peter,it was a pleasant surprise to see your comments, especially since the day you posted was Peter’s birthday, still looking, I am convinced he is still in Canberra, but working in the Computer/technology field,

  • June Kirk says:

    Restaurant at the Travelodge was the Red Door and Noah’s Ark restaurant was at the Town House Motel. I would love to see some memories of the Esquire Coffe Lounge in Garema Place, a favourite of my mother and Lumbys coffee shop downstairs from Baileys Arcade, always popular after school.

  • TD says:

    Lumby’s! Cinnamon on Toast – loved it.

  • Ian Duckworth says:


    I was navigated to this site after doing a google search to try to refresh my memory of where Pipi’s was located in Canberra. My boss for the past 18 years produced a diary entry for a few of us in the office this morning showing everybody that he and first met having dinner there with a mutual friend in 1983!!!

    Your post reveals that Pipi’s was in Woden – which I now recall would place it on the site of the previous Hermitage, run by Malcolm Carlin and who I still see around town after his “less successful” Hermitage Mk II operated off Civic Square a for a number of years. And interesting to note that, another five years after your initial post, the Charcoal continues to operate. An impressive record indeed even if it is not at its peak.

    And just to keep this post alive and contemporary, my wife and I ate with friends on Friday night at Courgette and, for our money, it is still consistently the best and most enjoyable fine dining in Canberra.

    I really enjoyed your initial article – Canberra has indeed come a long way form those early beginnings.

  • Nigel Charles says:

    Does anyone remember Seasons restaurant in the Canberra Theatre complex?

    • Jason says:

      Yep 🙂

    • Ian Duckworth says:


      I have two memories of Seasons. The first was it was the venue for the wedding reception of two close friends in the mid to late 80s – and I recall how wonderful a venue it was with great food and a great atmosphere.

      A few years later on Valentines Day in 1989, I went to Seasons for dinner with my new girlfriend (now wife of 27 years) but I had possibly the worst sore throat and could barely swallow a mouthful of food. I remember the waiter arranging a rum toddy to soothe the symptoms.

      Thanks for the lovely memories

      Ian Duckworth

  • Gabrielle Watling says:

    I worked at Flair in Style Arcade in the early 80s, and caught the bus home each evening from the corner of Furneaux and Frankilin Streets. Can anyone remember the name of the restaurant (now Belluci’s) at that spot? I used to buy a potato scallop from the Greek milk bar around the corner and eat it while studying the handwritten menu in the restaurant window while waiting for the bus.

  • Nigel Charles says:

    I totally forgot about this site.

    I worked at Seasons for about 8 months in 1983. It was owned or part owned by the infamous Peter Harrington at the time. The chef was British, as am I, and I worked with a wonderful team including a French man who I later ran into back in London where he was working at the Connaught Hotel. It was a wonderful place, great food and atmosphere.

  • Chris Warren says:

    “To read that 1967 book now is to smile in memory: $1.30 for a dozen oysters, 30c for a glass of wine, a lobster dish for $2.65.”

    2021 prices adjusted for wage movements would be;

    $26.00 dozen oysters
    $6 glass wine
    $53 lobster dish

  • Nigel Charles says:

    It was of course John Harrington not Peter. Whilst in Canberra I also worked briefly at the Fishwyck Tavern, then later on the City Of Canberra, firstly on the daytime cruises, then on the dinner cruise. Ron Murray drove me home to my dive in Rivett in his Roller a couple of times!!

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